Material science has a wide range of applications which includes ceramics, composites and polymer materials. Bonding in ceramics & glasses uses both covalent and ionic-covalent types with SiO2 as a basic building block. Ceramics are as soft as clay or else as hard as stone and concrete. Usually, they are in crystalline form. Most glasses contain a metal oxide amalgamated with silica. Applications scale from structural elements such as steel-reinforced concrete to the gorilla glass.
Polymers are also crucial part of materials science. Polymers are the raw materials which are used to make plastics. Specialty plastics are materials with particular characteristics, such as ultra-high strength, electrical conductivity, electro-fluorescence, high thermal stability. Plastics are not divided based on their material but on its properties and applications.
The global market for carbon fiber is expected to grow at a five-year CAGR (2015 to 2020) of 11.4%, to reach $3.5 billion in 2020. And the market for Carbon fiber reinforced plastic is expected to grow at a five-year CAGR (2015 to 2020) of 12.3%, to reach $34.2 billion in 2020. The competition in the global carbon fiber and carbon fiber reinforced plastic market is intense within a large players, such as Toray Toho, Mitsubishi, Hexcel, Formosa, SGL carbon, Cytec, Aksa, Hyosung, Sabic, etc.
- Synthetic Polymer Chemistry
- Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces
- Important materials and technologies of the polymer industry